Step 10: Patient instructions. Several types of materials are used to make casts. 2. The complications may be caused by the following factors: a. The importance of normal heel-toe walking when a plaster … 1. Objectives. To prevent or correct deformity 4. Step 8: Mould plaster. Function: 1. The cast initially emits heat and takes about 15 minutes to cool and 24 to 72 hours to dry. 3. slab of plaster on one side of the limb) should be used to allow for swelling. Cast removal. How to use this module. Both fiberglass and plaster splints and casts use padding, usually cotton, as a protective layer next to the skin. To prevent further injury 3.0 Definition Plaster of Paris is hemihydrated calcium sulphate. Plaster takes more time to set, allowing additional time for cast or splint application and molding; however, with an experienced assistant, fiberglass may be easier to mold since the position is required to be held for a shorter duration of time. Step 4: Stockinette. 11. 2. This is then changed to a more secure full ‘cast’ (i.e. Application. Cast Application. 3. Indications and accurate application techniques vary for each type of splint and cast commonly encountered in a primary care setting. Step 6: Prepare plaster. Plaster casts – mold very smoothly to the body’s contours. Both materials come in strips or rolls which are dipped in water and applied over the padding covering the injured area. When to cast. Swelling of the tissues under the plaster cast b. To promote healing and early weight bearing. It must be handled carefully until dry. Application of the cast that is … o Backslabs vs casts: for acute injuries, a ‘backslab’ (i.e. 2. Introduction. INTRODUCTION OF ASSIST IN APPLICATION OF CAST/SLAB • These procedures are being done to immobilize the injured injured part in the conditions or problems like soft tissue injury , fracture, weakened bone, etc. Clinical and experimental evidence is presented illustrating the hazards of ill-advised use of the plaster of paris walking boot. When the plaster gets wet, a chemical reaction happens (between the water and the calcium sulfate) that produces heat and eventually causes the plaster … circumferential around limb) at ̴1 week post injury. A client with plaster cast will require constant observation for the first 24 to 48 hours to detect the early signs of complications. Its types are (a) plaster and (b) fiber glass. APPLICATION OF PLASTER CAST INDICATIONS: $ Closed fractures of long bones distal to stifle and elbow $ Severe sprain or strain of ligaments of joints distal to stifle and elbow SITE: The plaster cast should be applied all around the affected part including at least one joint above & … As part of therapeutic management of specific fractures / injuries. Plaster is less expensive than fiberglass and shapes better than fiberglass for some uses. 2.0 Indications for the application of a Plaster of Paris (POP) backslab To immobilise, splint and support an injured limb. Plaster casts . Airplane cast – for humerus and shoulder joint […] Step 5: Webril. Cast is a temporary immobilization. Plaster or fiberglass can be used. Fiberglass casts – are dry in 10 to 15 minutes and can bear weight 30 minutes after application. Assist in Application & Removal of Plaster Cast By: Abhishek Yadav M Sc Nursing 1st Year 2. 3. Step 7: Apply plaster. Step 9: Radiography. 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