Finally, by 1920 the Soviet Red Army managed to overpower both Ukrainian and Russian White Army and secure the city. [citation needed] These qualities are reflected in the "Odessa dialect", which borrows chiefly from the characteristic speech of the Odessan Jews, and is enriched by a plethora of influences common for the port city. It is known for its large outdoor market – the Seventh-Kilometer Market, the largest of its kind in Europe. temperatures, humidity and precipation. Snow cover is often light or moderate, and municipal services rarely experience the same problems that can often be found in other, more northern, Ukrainian cities. The wettest month is September with an average of 60mm of rain. The best time and weather to travel to Odessa 2020. Some expressed doubts about this claim, while others noted the reputation of Gribovsky as an honest and modest man.[9]. Another notable port, Chornomorsk, is located in the same oblast, to the south-west of Odessa. These establishments, however, typically charge much higher fees than government-owned establishments and may not have held the same level of official accreditation as their state-run peers. Station Data. Pavlichenko's confirmed kills during World War II totaled 309 (including 36 enemy snipers). The site of present-day Odessa was then a fortress known as Khadjibey (named for Hacı I Giray, and also spelled Kocibey in English, Hacıbey or Hocabey in Turkish, and Hacıbey in Crimean Tatar). [12] On Italian navigational maps of 14th century on the place of Odessa is indicated the castle of Ginestra, at the time the center of a colony of the Republic of Genoa (more Gazaria). Odessa or Odesa (Ukrainian: Оде́са, romanized: Odesa [oˈdɛsɐ] (listen); Russian: Оде́сса, romanized: Odessa [ɐˈdʲesə]; Bulgarian: Оде́са, romanized: Odesa) is the third most populous city of Ukraine and a major tourism center, seaport and transport hub located on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea. The current station, which is characterised by its many socialist-realist architectural details and grand scale, was renovated by the state railway operator Ukrainian Railways in 2006. The Namestnik of Yekaterinoslav and Voznesensk, Platon Zubov (one of Catherine's favorites) supported this proposal, and in 1794 Catherine approved the founding of the new port-city and invested the first money in constructing the city. "Ukrainian Municipal Survey, March 2–20, 2015", "Демоскоп Weekly – Приложение. Odessa is home to several universities and other institutions of higher education. To date a number of Japanese and Chinese companies, as well as a host of European enterprises, have invested in the development of the free economic zone, to this end private investors in the city have invested a great deal of money into the provision of quality office real estate and modern manufacturing facilities such as warehouses and plant complexes. Terms of Service | These cavities can cause buildings to collapse, resulting in a loss of money and business. (These others were Leningrad, Stalingrad, and Sevastopol). Odessa's growth was interrupted by the Crimean War of 1853–1856, during which it was bombarded by British and Imperial French naval forces. Before the fall of the Soviet Union, the Port of Odessa harbored the major Soviet cruise line Black Sea Shipping Company. [42], A 2015 study by the International Republican Institute found that 68% of Odessa was ethnic Ukrainian, and 25% ethnic Russian. Be prepared August is also the hottest month. Laid out in 1803 by Felix De Ribas (brother of the founder of Odessa, José de Ribas) on a plot of urban land he owned, the garden is located right in the heart of the city. Weather Underground provides local & long-range weather forecasts, weatherreports, maps & tropical weather conditions for the Odessa area. Справочник статистических показателей", "Данные Всесоюзной переписи населения 1926 года по регионам республик СССР", "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1939 года. Average temperature of air is next: September + 23С, October + 14.0С, November + 9.8С . The city's location on the coast of the Black Sea has also helped to create a booming tourist industry in Odessa. [70], Valeria Lukyanova, a girl from Odessa who looks very similar to a Barbie doll, has received attention on the Internet and from the media for her doll-like appearance. Is the water warm near Odessa? In 1819, the city became a free port, a status it retained until 1859. What is the weather like in May in Odessa? Monthly averages Odessa Longitude: -102.368, Latitude: 31.8457 Average weather Odessa, TX - 79760. [30], Postage stamp of the USSR 1965 “Hero-City Odessa 1941-1945”, Obverse of the Soviet campaign medal "For the Defence of Odessa", Reverse of the Soviet campaign medal "For the Defence of Odessa"; inscription reads “For our Soviet homeland”. a free economic zone – this has aided the foundation of foreign companies' and corporations' Ukrainian divisions and allowed them to more easily invest in the Ukrainian manufacturing and service sectors. [27], The city suffered severe damage and sustained many casualties over the course of the war. The average elevation at which the city is located is around 50 metres (160 feet), while the maximum is 65 metres (213 feet) and minimum (on the coast) amounts to 4.2 metres (13.8 feet) above sea level. [69] One Marshal of the Soviet Union, Rodion Yakovlevich Malinovsky, a military commander in World War II and Defense Minister of the Soviet Union, was born in Odessa, whilst renowned Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal lived in the city at one time. Chess player Efim Geller was born in the city. The City Council[56] of the city makes up the administration's legislative branch, thus effectively making it a city 'parliament' or rada. Being located in the south of Ukraine, the topography of the area surrounding the city is typically flat and there are no large mountains or hills for many kilometres around. Weather phenomena recorded in previous years in Odessa ☃ Water Temperature in localities in Odessa ☀ Weather forecast for Odessa in July ☔. What is the weather like in March in Odessa? A more recent Tatar settlement was also founded at the location by Hacı I Giray, the Khan of Crimea in 1440 that was named after him as Hacibey (or Khadjibey). [12] In 1803 the city accounted for 9,000 people. The current council is the fifth in the city's modern history, and was elected in January 2011. [16] Near the new fortress saw the formation of a new "Vorstadt" (suburb) where people moved from Sucleia and Parkan. There are paintings from Caravaggio, Mignard, Hals, Teniers and Del Piombo. During the Russian-Turkish War of 1787–1792,[12] on 25 September 1789, a detachment of the Russian forces, including Zaporozhian Cossacks under Alexander Suvorov and Ivan Gudovich, took Khadjibey and Yeni Dünya for the Russian Empire. Odessa will become one of five Ukrainian cities to host the 39th European Basketball Championship in 2015. What was the coldest temperature ever recorded in Odessa? The city's budget is also controlled by the administration. [11] Archaeological artifacts confirm extensive links between the Odessa area and the eastern Mediterranean. one of the founding fathers of Odessa, together with another Frenchman, Count Andrault de Langeron, who succeeded him in office. Richelieu played a role during Ottoman plague epidemic which hit Odessa in the autumn 1812. [34] On 5 January 2015 the city's Euromaidan Coordination Center and a cargo train car were (non-lethally) bombed. Typically, for a total of 4 months – from June to September – the average sea temperature in the Gulf of Odessa and city's bay area exceeds 20 °C (68 °F).[39]. Among most famous startups is Looksery[78] and AI Factory both developed in Odessa and acquaired by Snap inc.[79], A number of world-famous scientists have lived and worked in Odessa. The third and last line of defense was organized inside the city itself. The first metre gauge steam tramway line ran from Railway Station to Great Fontaine and the second one to Hadzhi Bey Liman. 2 in C Major", Ассоциация портов Украины и всего Чёрного моря: члены, "Snap acquires Ukrainian startup AI Factory for $166M", "Drivers - IRC Intercontinental Rally Challenge - Eurosport", "Greek Merchants in Odessa in the Nineteenth Century", "Odessa and the Problem of Urban Modernization", "The Pogrom of 1905 in Odessa: A Case Study", "Map of the current public transport routes in Odessa", The Museum of the Jewish People at Beit Hatfutsot, Odessa yesterday. However, adjacent to the new official locality, a Moldavian colony already existed, which by the end of the 18th century was an independent settlement named Moldavanka. [citation needed]. Together they represent a major transport hub integrating with railways. The city currently covers a t… Yedisan Crimean Tatars traded there in the 14th century. [16] With the establishment of the Voznesensk Governorate on 27 January 1795, the Vorstadt was named Tiraspol.[16]. Climate ‘Godzilla’ dust storm may have a connection to low Arctic sea ice. These routes were both operated by the same Belgian company. (2006) Этнополитическая география Украины = Етнополітична географія України. Climate information about Odessa (Odesa) including avg. The total shoreline length of Odessa's sea port is around 7.23 kilometres (4.49 mi). Russian conquest of Sanjak of Özi (Ochacov Oblast), Renaming of the settlement and establishment of sea port, Historical ethnic and national composition. In 1887 one of the city's most well known architectural monuments was completed – the theatre, which still hosts a range of performances to this day; it is widely regarded as one of the world's finest opera houses. The economy of Odessa largely stems from its traditional role as a port city. Mechnikov' National University. The first line was 80 kilometres (50 miles) long and situated some 25 to 30 kilometres (16 to 19 miles) from the city. Other Odessites are the duo Ilf and Petrov - authors of "The Twelve chairs", and Yuri Olesha - author of "The Three Fat Men". In early autumn the weather is comfortable as well, and Odessa is well worth a visit. [62] The transfer of ownership took place on 10 November 1806. Deribasivska Street, an attractive pedestrian avenue named after José de Ribas, the Spanish-born founder of Odessa and decorated Russian Navy Admiral from the Russo-Turkish War, is famous by its unique character and architecture. The main professional football club in the city is FC Chornomorets Odesa, who play in the Ukrainian Premier League. Mechnikov' National University, Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, List of twin towns and sister cities in Ukraine, List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Ukraine, Trukhanov officially won the mayoral election in Odessa, Ukrainian local elections: City-by-city guide to this weekend’s runoff votes, "Who's Behind A String Of Bombings In Ukraine's Black Sea 'Pearl'? The best time of year to visit Odessa in Ukraine. Having fled the French Revolution, he had served in Catherine's army against the Turks. Following the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 during Ukrainian-Soviet War, Odessa saw two Bolshevik armed insurgencies, the second of which succeeded in establishing their control over the city; for the following months the city became a center of the Odessa Soviet Republic. Summer in Odessa is undoubtedly the best time to visit. Average Weather during August in Odessa (Odessa Region), Ukraine. With a staff of 1,200 (mostly guards and janitors), the market is also the region's largest employer. The South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University is also based in the city, this is one of the largest institutions for the preparation of educational specialists in Ukraine and is recognised as one of the country's finest of such universities. The Odessa Museum of Western and Eastern Art is big art museum; it has large European collections from the 16–20th centuries along with the art from the East on display. Be prepared with the most accurate 10-day forecast for Odessa, Odessa, Ukraine with highs, lows, chance of precipitation from The Weather Channel and Weather.com The community, however, was repeatedly subjected to anti-Semitism and anti-Jewish agitation from almost all Christian segments of the population. This project was delayed on multiple occasions but was finally completed eight years later in 2005. Odesa International Airport, which is located to the south-west of the city centre, is served by a number of airlines. In addition to these universities, the city is home to the Odessa Law Academy, the National Academy of Telecommunications and the Odessa National Maritime Academy. Most of the city's 19th-century houses were built of limestone mined nearby. What is the weather like in October in Odessa? There are two routes of public transport which connect Odessa Airport with the city center: trolley-bus №14 and marshrutka №117.[84]. [42] Up until the early 1940s the city had a large Jewish population. [71], Mikhail Zhvanetsky, writer, satirist and performer best known for his shows targeting different aspects of the Soviet and post-Soviet everyday life is one of most famous living Odessans. However, since Odessa is a city of regional significance, this makes the city subject directly to the administration of the oblast's authorities, thus removing it from the responsibility of the municipality. Distance to sea/ocean for Odessa is about: 1 km Prospekt Group, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Odessa&oldid=992615841, Cities of regional significance in Ukraine, 1794 establishments in the Russian Empire, Populated places established in the Russian Empire, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with Ukrainian-language sources (uk), Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles containing Bulgarian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2016, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from August 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from November 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from November 2014, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 06:10. "Статья в журнале "Держава" "Сколько действительно населения в Одессе? As one of the biggest on the Black Sea, Odessa's port is busy all year round. January is the coldest month with daytime temperatures usually around 0°C, but in some cases winter months can be quite colder with temperatures far below zero, about -20°C or lower and strong, cold northeasterly winds, called Bora. Many Odessan Jews fled abroad after 1882, particularly to the Ottoman region that became Palestine, and the city became an important base of support for Zionism. Below you will find an exact comparison: Odessa was the site of a large Greek settlement no later than the middle of the 6th century BC (a necropolis from the 5th–3rd centuries BC has long been known in this area). Her first two kills were effected near Belyayevka using a Mosin-Nagant bolt-action rifle with a P.E. He is best known for winning season six of X-Factor Ukraine and for representing Ukraine in the Eurovision Song Contest 2018, singing the song "Under the Ladder". The most popular sport in Odessa is football. Odessa was attacked by Romanian and German troops in August 1941. Trams were imported from Germany. Large amounts of money are made from the festivities, supporting Odessa’s local entertainers and shops.[68]. The climate in Odessa is warm and temperate. Certificate "For taking part in the heroic defense of Odessa" Logvinov Petr Leontievich was awarded the Medal for the Defense of Odessa. Its cosmopolitan nature was documented by the great Russian poet Alexander Pushkin, who lived in internal exile in Odessa between 1823 and 1824. In addition to this there are a number of large commercial shopping centres in the city. Before moving to Moscow in 1922, he made quite a few acquaintances here, including Yury Olesha and Ilya Ilf (Ilf's co-author Petrov was in fact Kataev's brother, Petrov being his pen-name). [17], In 1795 Khadjibey was officially renamed as Odessa after a Greek colony of Odessos that supposedly was located in the area. The last of these institutions is a highly specialised and prestigious establishment for the preparation and training of merchant mariners which sees around 1,000 newly qualified officer cadets graduate each year and take up employment in the merchant marines of numerous countries around the world. The second football team in Odessa is FC Odessa. The council has seventeen standing commissions[58] which play an important role in controlling the finances and trading practices of the city and its merchants. One section of the troops came under command of a Spaniard in Russian service, Major General José de Ribas (known in Russia as Osip Mikhailovich Deribas); today, the main street in Odessa, Deribasivska Street, is named after him. [citation needed], These authors and comedians played a great role in establishing the "Odessa myth" in the Soviet Union. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 24°F to 84°F and is rarely below 8°F or above 92°F. Read an overview of the climate. Some local historians consider that the settlement predates Odessa by about thirty years and assert that the locality was founded by Moldavians who came to build the fortress of Yeni Dunia for the Ottomans and eventually settled in the area in the late 1760s, right next to the settlement of Khadjibey (since 1795 Odessa proper), on what later became the Primorsky Boulevard. It was named after the ancient Greek city of Odessos, which was mistakenly believed to have been located here. 20°C sea temperature; Recommended for Ukraine. In 2015, the main language spoken at home was Russian − around 78% of the total population − followed by Ukrainian at 6%, and an equal combination of Ukrainian and Russian, 15%.[48]. Weather phenomena recorded in previous years in Odessa: How many hours of sunshine per day in Odessa? Travel guide and advices. Odessa was also the home of the late Armenian painter Sarkis Ordyan (1918–2003), the Ukrainian painter Mickola Vorokhta and the Greek philologist, author and promoter of Demotic Greek Ioannis Psycharis (1854–1929). Nearby stood the military barracks and the country houses (dacha) of the city's wealthy residents, including that of the Duc de Richelieu, appointed by Tzar Alexander I as Governor of Odessa in 1803. The Italian writer, slavist and anti-fascist dissident Leone Ginzburg was born in Odessa into a Jewish family, and then went to Italy where he grew up and lived. Daily sales, according to the Ukrainian periodical Zerkalo Nedeli, were believed to be as high as USD 20 million in 2004. In Odessa, the summers are warm and mostly clear and the winters are long, very cold, dry, windy, and partly cloudy. The original 200 steps (now reduced to 192) were designed by Italian architect Francesco Boffo and built between 1837 and 1841. [citation needed] In the mid-18th century, the Ottomans rebuilt the fortress at Khadjibey (also was known Hocabey), which was named Yeni Dünya[12] (literally "New World"). )[7], The city was named in compliance with the Greek Plan of Catherine the Great. ), Dnistryansky, М.S. [29] Subsequent Soviet policies imprisoned and executed numerous Odessans (and deported most of the German population) on account of collaboration with the occupiers. Lyudmila Pavlichenko, the famous female sniper, took part in the battle for Odessa. Approximately 38,000 medals were awarded to servicemen of the Soviet Army, Navy, Ministry of Internal Affairs, and civil citizens who took part in the city's defense. [77] In 2003 this sector recorded a total revenue of 189,2 mln UAH. [16], By the Highest rescript of 17 June 1792 addressed to General Kakhovsky it was ordered to establish the Dniester Border Line of fortresses. ", Imagined Identities: Identity Formation in the Age of Globalization, "The Ethnic Composition of the City of Odessa in the Nineteenth Century", "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)", "Odesa: Through Cossacks, Khans and Russian Emperors", "Одесские достопримечательности — раскопки греческого поселения", Creation and development of the city of Odessa (Виникнення і розвиток міста Одеса), The History of Cities and Villages of the Ukrainian SSR, Travels in Russia, and a residence at St. Petersburg and Odessa, by Edward Morton, Odessa, 1812: Plague and Tyranny at the Edge of the Empire, Migration and Disease in the Black Sea Region by Andrew Robarts, p. 148, Odesa: Through Cossacks, Khans and Russian Emperors, "The Ukrainian Navy and the Crimean Issue in 1917-18", "Ukraine clashes: dozens dead after Odessa building fire", "At least 35 killed in Odessa, Ukraine, as building set on fire", "Лише 3% українців хочуть приєднання їх області до Росії", Two dead after Ukraine rocked by series of blasts, Interior minister's advisor says Kharkiv, Odesa explosions aim at escalating tensions in Ukraine, Bomb Explosion in Odessa Could Have Targeted Ukraine Army Charity Point, French Leader Urges End to Sanctions Against Russia Over Ukraine, Latest Explosion in Odessa Strikes Pro-Ukraine Organization (Video), Mysterious bombing rocks Ukrainian port city of Odessa, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "All-Ukrainian Census of 2001 Official Site", Численность населения Одессы по Всеукраинской переписи населения 2001, Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary, "Одесса в Большой советской энциклопедии", Численность населения городов Украины по Всеукраинской переписи населения 2001. Get the forecast for today, tonight & tomorrow's weather for Odesa, Odessa, Ukraine. Weather phenomena recorded in previous years in Odessa: Practical travel advice to help you choose the best time for a vacation. Other routes of national significance, passing through Odessa, include the M16 Highway to Moldova, M15 to Izmail and Romania, and the M14 which runs from Odessa, through Mykolaiv and Kherson to Ukraine's eastern border with Russia. July is the hottest month in Odessa with an average temperature of 21.5°C (71°F) and the coldest is February at -1.5°C (29°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 11 in July. Privacy Policy | [6] Colonists of various ethnicities settled mainly in the area of the former colony, outside of the official boundaries, and as a consequence, in the first third of the 19th century, Moldavanka emerged as the dominant settlement. Monthly: 1981-2010 normals History: 2015-2019 The first city plan was designed by the engineer F. Devollan in the late 18th century. Tavria-V is the biggest private company and the biggest tax payer. Odessa is sometimes called the "pearl of the Black Sea",[3] the "South Capital" (under the Russian Empire and Soviet Union), and "Southern Palmyra". January, like December, in Odessa, Ukraine, is a wintry winter month, with average temperature ranging between max 2.2°C (36°F) and min -2.8°C (27°F).With an average high-temperature of 2.2°C (36°F) and an average low-temperature of -2.8°C (27°F), January is the coldest month. Numerous sculptures can also be found within the grounds as well as a musical fountain, the waters of which are computer controlled to coordinate with the musical melody being played. The National bank of Ukraine a relatively important sector in the Russian government for resettlement awarded the title ``.: How many hours of sunshine per day in Odessa stage name, Mélovin, is located to port! 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