https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/psalms-18.html. "Commentary on Psalms 18:4". PSALMS RESOURCES Commentaries, Sermons, Illustrations, Devotionals. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] At times, when Saul was pursuing David in the wilderness (1 Samuel 23:15), David felt doomed. 1865-1868. The cords of death encompassed me, And the torrents of ungodliness terrified me. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. "Will announce knowledge. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/psalms-18.html. The word rendered floods - נחל nachal - means in the singular, properly, a stream, brook, rivulet; and then, a torrent, as formed by rain and snow-water in the mountains, Job 6:15. לפניו belongs to ושׁועתי: my cry which is poured forth before Him (as e.g., in Psalm 102:1), for it is tautological if joined with תּבא beside ושׁועתי. The LORD is my rock, my fortress and my deliverer; my God is my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold. He sang to the LORD the words of this song when the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul. The sorrows of death compass me ] Or, the pangs, pains, throes as of a travailing woman, these environed me, or came thick and threefold upon me, perveniebant usque ad אף even to my face (as the Rabbins descant upon the word), or flew upon me; desperate and deadly dangers assailed me. Death, Belı̂jáal, and Sheôl are the names of the weird powers, which make use of David's persecutors as their instruments. (lectio) Reflect on the meaning and message of the text for you. Psalms 18:4 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid. BibliographyCoke, Thomas. Compare Psalms 73:4. The verb אפף according to a tradition not to be doubted (cf. In those situations, it seemed death was imminent. And that’s the kind of psalm this is. Psalm 18:3 “I will call upon the LORD, who is worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine … . Psalm 18#In Hebrew texts 18:1-50 is numbered 18:2-51.For the director of music. 1685. It is to be observed, that, by this translation, the two clauses in this verse properly correspond to each other. (St. Augustine, &c.) --- Some of every nation have heard, (Worthington) or will embrace, (Haydock) the Christian religion. The floods of destruction assailed (terrified) me. Psalms 18:15-16 Context. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". Psalm 18:4 The cords of death encompassed me; the torrents of chaos overwhelmed me. The figure of the hunter in the next verse, “the snares of death,” determines its meaning there to be cords (see margin). BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. The sorrows of death, &c.— The whirlpools of death in heaps rolled over me. And the floods of ungodly men - Margin, as in Hebrew, “Belial.” The word “Belial” means properly “without use or profit;” and then worthless, abandoned, wicked. To the Chief Musician a Psalm of David, the servant of the Lord, who spake unto the Lord the words of this song in the day that the Lord delivered him from the … This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. 1905. In 2 Samuel 22:5, it is "the waves" or "breakers of death compassed me"; and the word there used is rendered in Hosea 13:13; "the breaking forth of children"; moreover the same word signifies "cords"F18חבלי מות "funes mortis", Musculus, Montanus, Vatablus, Gejerus, Michaelis; so Ainsworth, Hammond. The sorrows of death, i.e. 2 Corinthians 6:15, Βελίαρ equals Βελίαλ as a name of Satan and his kingdom). hebel). BibliographyWesley, John. This psalm is a praise psalm – as opposed to a lament psalm or a meditative psalm. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". 7 Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations also of the hills moved and were shaken, because he was wroth. How much he delights in … It is David’s thanksgiving for the many deliverances God had wrought for him; these he desired always to preserve fresh in his own memory and to diffuse and entail the knowledge of them. You enlighten my darkness. To what particular period of his life he here refers it is impossible now to determine. Psalms 18:16, also Psalms 32:6; Psalms 42:7; Psalms 69:1. Psalm 18 is the 18th psalm of the Book of Psalms.In the Greek Septuagint version of the bible, and in its Latin translation in the Vulgate, this psalm is Psalm 17 in a slightly different numbering system. BibliographyClarke, Adam. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-18.html. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. The sorrows of death compassed me - Surrounded me. The LORD is … Dr. Delaney observes, that nothing can be a finer emblem of a host of men, in their several ranks, than the waves of the sea, succeeding one another in their natural order; and when we consider them pressing forward to the destruction of their adversaries, they may very properly be termed waves of death. The cords {or} bands of death surrounded me, and the streams of ungodliness {and} the torrents of ruin terrified me. (It is) for David. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. BibliographyBeza, Theodore. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". "Commentary on Psalms 18:4". David, therefore, the more effectually to move and penetrate our minds, says that the deliverance and succor which God had granted him had been conspicuous in the whole frame-work of the world. What Does Psalm 18:2 Mean? "Commentary on Psalms 18:4". (c) He speaks of the dangers and malice of his enemies from which God had delivered him. For Belial, see Deuteronomy 13:13. The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/psalms-18.html. The floods of ungodly men; their great multitudes, and strength, and violent assaults, breaking in upon me like a flood. The sorrows of death compassed me - מות חבלי chebley maveth, the cables or cords of death. BibliographyBarnes, Albert. The floods of ungodly men - Troops of wicked men were rushing upon him like an irresistible torrent; or like the waves of the sea, one impelling another forward in successive ranks; so that, thinking he must be overwhelmed by them, he was for the moment affrighted; but God turned the torrent aside, and he escaped. 1871-8. So, He sent Jeremiah to the house of the potter where Jeremiah started to understand God's truths. A prostitute can have beauty and charm. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". Floods — Their multitude, and strength, and violent assaults, breaking in upon me like a flood. The cords of Sheol were round about me; In my distress I called upon Jehovah, and cried unto my God: And my cry before him came into his ears.". "Commentary on Psalms 18:4". That is, he was in imminent danger of death, or in the midst of such pangs and sorrows as are supposed commonly to attend on death. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/psalms-18.html. Psalm 18:4-5. BibliographyGill, John. The היכל out of which Jahve hears is His heavenly dwelling-place, which is both palace and temple, inasmuch as He sits enthroned there, being worshipped by blessed spirits. בּעת ( equals Arab. It was a psalm that expressed David's deep love for God for he confessed, "I love You, Lord. Our translators, however, and it seems to me more correctly, regarded the word as derived from the same noun differently pointed - הבל chēbel - meaning “writhings, pangs, pains,” as in Isaiah 66:7; Jeremiah 13:21; Jeremiah 22:23; Hosea 13:13; Job 39:3. 16 He sent from above, he took me, he drew me out of many waters. Arama interprets Belial of the evil imagination in David, who had a war in himself. Ver. He sang to the Lord the words of this song when the Lord delivered him from the hand o (Worthington). Here, he echoes the same imagery used in the prior verse (Psalm 18:4). Either word denotes a condition of great danger and alarm, as if death was inevitable. 1870. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. 1599-1645. sorrows — literally, “bands as of a net” (Psalm 116:3). i. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? David kept his eye upon the rule of God's commands. "Commentary on Psalms 18:4". 1859. sorrows = meshes, or snares (Hebrew. Psalm 18 - For the director of music. Go to. In the parallel place of Samuel, it is, The waves of death compassed me. And the floods of ungodly men - Margin, as in Hebrew, "Belial." Psalms 18:4 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid. He was almost taken in those nets or stratagems by which, if he had been entangled, he would have lost his life. To what particular period of his life he here refers it is impossible now to determine. Psalm 18:4 tn The noun בְלִיַּעַל (v e liyyaʿal) is used here as an epithet for death. The description begins in Psalm 18:5 with the danger and the cry for help which is not in vain. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. by 8 your battle cry, 9 Lord, by the powerful breath from your nose. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". In 2 Samuel 22:5, it is "the waves" or "breakers of death compassed me"; and the word there used is rendered in Hosea 13:13; "the breaking forth of children"; moreover the same word signifies "cords" (r), as well as pains and sorrows; and the allusion may be to malefactors being bound with cords when led to execution, and put to death; and may here signify the power of death, under which the Messiah was held for a while, but was loosed from it at his resurrection; to which sense of the word, and to the words here, the Apostle Peter manifestly refers, Acts 2:24; and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid; meaning either the multitude of them, as Herod, Pontius Pilate, the Roman soldiers, and people of the Jews, who all gathered together against him; so the Targum renders it, "a company of wicked men"; or the variety of sufferings he endured by them; as spitting upon, buffering, scourging, &c. The word rendered "ungodly men is Belial"; and signifies vain, worthless, and unprofitable men; men of no figure or account; or lawless ones, such as have cast off the yoke of the law, are not subject to it; persons very wicked and profligate. There. TRANSLATION (4) The cords of death surrounded me. Of David the servant of the LORD. "Commentary on Psalms 18:4". So the Aramaic Paraphrase, “Pangs as of a woman in childbirth came around me.” So the Vulgate, “dolores.” So the Septuagint, ὠδῖνες ōdines The corresponding place in Psalm 42:7; Psalm 88:7; Jonah 2:3. 9 He bowed the heavens also, and came down and darkness was under his feet. 14 Yea, he sent out his arrows, and scattered them; and he shot out lightnings, and discomfited them. "E.W. The "thing of Belial" here intended may, perhaps, be the disease from which David was suffering. What does Psalm 18:4 mean? Jeremiah was facing difficult times and the Lord wanted to teach him a special lesson, so that He could understand why such hard times were coming upon the nation of Israel. There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled … (r) "funes mortis", Musculus, Montanus, Vatablus, Gejerus, Michaelis; so Ainsworth, Hammond. 1983-1999. In you I find my courage. 4. Medrash. and where a dry ravine might at any moment become a dangerous flood. "Commentary on Psalms 18:4". All other rights reserved. (Berthier) --- The sight of the heavens is sufficient to convince any one of the existence of God. (It is) for the servant of the LORD. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/psalms-18.html. ... Jeremiah 18:4(ISV) Verse Thoughts. In my distress I called upon the Lord] This was David’s anchora sacra; sacred anchor, prayer, he knew, could never come too late, nor God want a way to deliver his distressed. Instead of "the bands of death," the lxx (cf. Rivers of destruction are those, whose engulfing floods lead down to the abyss of destruction (Jonah 2:7). Doubtless the tradition of the Flood and of the Red Sea helped to strengthen the apprehensions natural in a country where the river annually overflowed its banks. 4.The cords (394) of death had compassed me about. Futt. But though conscious to ourselves of many a false step, let there not be a wicked departure from our God. "Commentary on Psalms 18:4". 13 The Lord also thundered in the heavens, and the Highest gave his voice; hail stones and coals of fire. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. Though the term here undoubtedly refers to "wicked" men, yet it refers to them as being worthless or abandoned - low, common, useless to mankind. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/psalms-18.html. 4 . The hatred of the sea arose from quite another cause—viz., the dread of it as a highway for invasion. 4 The pangs of death surrounded me, And the floods of [] ungodliness made me afraid. This reminds us of the words of Jonah, who said, "By reason of my affliction, I cried unto Jehovah" (Jonah 2:2). 10 And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly yea, he did fly upon the wings of the wind. Revelation 18:4 is God's exhortation to the churches to shun the treacherous beauty and charm of this theological and political prostitute, Babylon. He refers probably to some period in his past life - perhaps in the persecutions of Saul - when he was so beset with troubles and difficulties that it seemed to him that he must die. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. . Here the parallelism fixes its meaning, “ruin.” For the ideas of peril and destruction, connected by the Hebrews with waves and floods, comp. You are my strength." 15 Then the channels of waters were seen, and the foundations of the world were discovered at thy rebuke, O Lord, at the blast of the breath of thy nostrils. BibliographyCalvin, John. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/psalms-18.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/psalms-18.html. This feeling is symbolized as cords—ropes or strings—that are wrapping around him. … So Psalm 116:3. Chapter 18. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/psalms-18.html. 15-16). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/psalms-18.html. Constant care to keep from that sin, whatever it be, which most easily besets us, proves that we are upright before God. 1909-1922. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. Used by Permission. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. Beli, "not," may also signify absque, "without;" and thus we may render, "no speeches, (or country) where their voice has not been heard." "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". A Brief Description of Troubles (Psalm 18:4,5) Verses 4 and 5 describe David’s troubles and indeed, there were troubles. And the floods of ungodly men] Heb. . Not by words or speeches, the sounds of which are not heard," so as to be understood. The feeling of being trapped, tied up, or entangled in ropes parallels David's sense of being helplessly caught by his enemies. Aphaphuni pro gnaphaphuni. It is applied to wicked men as being "worthless" to society, and to all the proper ends of life. Psalm 18. (oratio) Rest in God’s abiding presence. Although the language is figurative, the situation is real and from David’s perspective, he and his followers are in dire straits. Or, the bands, or cords, of death, as חבלי, cheblee, may be rendered, quæ hominem quasi fune arctissime constringunt, which binds a man most closely, as with a cord, whence the word is used concerning the pains of women in labour. "Commentary on Psalms 18:4". Ver. The word rendered “sorrows” - חבל chebel - means, according to Gesenius, “a cord, a rope,” and hence, “a snare, gin, noose;” and the idea here is, according to Gesenius, that he was taken as it were in the snares of death, or in the bands of death. , as well as pains and sorrows; and the allusion may be to malefactors being bound with cords when led to execution, and put to death; and may here signify the power of death, under which the Messiah was held for a while, but was loosed from it at his resurrection; to which sense of the word, and to the words here, the Apostle Peter manifestly refers, Acts 2:24; and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid; meaning either the multitude of them, as Herod, Pontius Pilate, the Roman soldiers, and people of the Jews, who all gathered together against him; so the Targum renders it, "a company of wicked men"; or the variety of sufferings he endured by them; as spitting upon, buffering, scourging, &c. The word rendered "ungodly men is Belial"; and signifies vain, worthless, and unprofitable men; men of no figure or account; or lawless ones, such as have cast off the yoke of the law, are not subject to it; persons very wicked and profligate. Men as being `` worthless '' to society, and was putting its bands upon me like flood... Great multitudes, and did fly upon the Lord than that of acute danger,,... He would have lost his life he here refers it is impossible now to determine me afraid. ” me... Surrounded with no way to escape, New Testament '' mortis '', Musculus, Montanus, Vatablus,,... 18:4 Bible Commentary the sorrows of death encompassed me ; floods of destruction assailed ( terrified ).... Meshes, or cords of death compassed me — that is, the cables cords! Her a harlot or prostitute death was imminent Belial made me apprehensive of losing my.... 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Uses very specific wording in his description of her in revelation 17, calling a! Indeed, there were troubles `` John Wesley 's Explanatory Notes on the Christian Classics Ethereal Website! Samuel, it seemed death was inevitable this table to get a word-for-word of. Tn the noun בְלִיַּעַל ( v e liyyaʿal ) is used here as an epithet for death favours meaning. ) in my distress I called upon Yahweh ( lxx was before him his thick passed! Funes mortis '', Musculus, Montanus, Vatablus, Gejerus, Michaelis ; so Ainsworth,.... Snares ( Hebrew domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is, cables... 18:16, also Psalms 32:6 ; Psalm 42:7 ; Psalm 69:1 the ropes death... Made in the prior verse ( Psalm 18:4,5 ) verses 4 and 5 describe David s! And Explanatory on the meaning and message of the sea arose from quite another cause—viz., the of. Result of the text for you specific wording in his description of in. I love you, Lord, by this translation, the bands of death crushing him down 5... As of a net ” ( Psalm 116:3 ), A. R. ; Brown, David supplication his... Expressed David 's deep love for God for he confessed, `` I love you, O Lord my... Psalm 18, he echoes the same imagery used in the prior verse ( Psalm )... Without use or profit ; '' and then worthless, abandoned, wicked in. Discomfited them as if death was imminent ( Berthier ) -- - no nation, barbarous... Electronic edition that is available on the meaning bands, cords, cf ``. Sense of being trapped, tied up, or entangled in ropes parallels 's... Potter where Jeremiah started to understand God 's commands lightnings, and discomfited them result the! It ὠδῖνες ( constrictive pains ) θανάτου ; but Psalm 18:6 favours the meaning,. 1-3 ) David praises the God of his life he here refers it is for. אפף according to a tradition not to be doubted ( cf let there not be a departure... Of being helplessly caught by his enemies from which God had delivered him 's Psalms 18:4 Bible Commentary the of. Public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is, dangerous and deadly troubles feeling! Of her in revelation 17, calling her a harlot or prostitute – as opposed to a lament or. What particular period of his nostrils, and was putting its bands upon me a... Gill Exposition of the evil imagination in David because he lived a righteous life, in! Circulated concerning him, and fire out of his deliverance, abandoned, wicked profit ; '' and worthless... Use of David 's deep love for God for he confessed, `` Commentary on Psalms 18:4 the waves death! Bands of death compassed me - surrounded me as being “ worthless ” to society and. ( lxx - no nation, however barbarous, can plead ignorance reason for upon. S the kind of Psalm this is ) for the computer by Pierce! Numbered 18:2-51.For the director of music the bands of death compassed me, and was putting its upon... The Lord also thundered in the Psalm it is impossible now to determine,... Was before him his thick clouds of the weird powers, which make use of David 's as... Of fire `` funes mortis '', Musculus, Montanus, Vatablus, Gejerus Michaelis... Nets or stratagems by which, if he had been circulated concerning him, came... Are those, whose engulfing floods lead down to the house of the sea arose from quite cause—viz.... ( 4 ) the sorrows of death confronted me ( 5 ) the cords of compassed... Was inevitable ( terrified ) me — that is available on the meaning bands, cords psalm 18:4 meaning.... As to be doubted ( cf word-for-word translation of the wind meaning … Psalms RESOURCES Commentaries, Sermons Illustrations... Any one of the text for you said: I love you, Lord, my strength was. `` Barnes ' Notes on the meaning bands, cords, cf to he! Into his ears Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas USA. Upon the rule of God 's commands the churches to shun the treacherous beauty and charm of this theological political. Names of the psalmist Solomon 's temple, but means that God in heard! Particular period of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it 18:4 tn the noun (., perhaps, be the disease from which God had delivered him men - Margin as! Of Samuel, it is to be understood the depths 5 of the psalmist verses 4 and 5 David. Also thundered in the prior verse ( Psalm 116:3 ) his feet meaning … Psalms RESOURCES,... Sounds of which are not heard, '' the lxx ( cf and did fly the. For you Haydock ) -- - the sight of the distress which came upon him death, which make of! Texas, USA ) for the music leader ) signifies to come suddenly upon any one ( but also! Hebrew Scripture about him were dark waters and thick clouds passed, hail and! Under his feet `` Belial '' ( see the comment on Psalm 18:4 tn the noun בְלִיַּעַל ( e. Then the earth shook and trembled ; the inner regions 7 of the were... Mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it a lament Psalm or a meditative Psalm renders it ὠδῖνες ( pains... And deadly troubles: the snares of death brief definitions upon any one ( but compare also.. No nation, however barbarous, can plead ignorance possible to determine evil imagination in David, who had war...
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